See the planting placement example below. We use the square foot gardening method at our church garden but we usually plant an entire bed of the same thing or split a bed in half.
Legumes (underplanted with leafy greens).
Companion planting square foot vegetable garden layout. Tomatoes and companions, and the ‘three sisters’. The garden planner has a database of almost 200 vegetables, herbs and fruit, and placing them on your garden plan is easy. I’m just not a fan of rows that have big walking paths on either side of them, because that’s a lot of wasted space.
Here’s a guide to how many of each vegetable you can plant per square foot. The square foot method seems to work well like this for properly spacing your veggies and not wasting seed by having to thin. Square foot gardening, for example, attempts to protect plants from many normal gardening problems by packing them as closely together as possible, which is facilitated by using companion plants, which can be closer together than normal.
( via almanac ) we also have a free printable gardening calendar you can download here, which will help you plan which vegetables to plant each month in your climate zone. Many gardeners find mel bartholomew’s square foot gardening method helpful. The example below we divided up the 4′ x 8′ raised bed, into 32 garden squares with string.
Green means go, and red means stop! Another garden layout plan is called the block style garden layout. Plant “simple” flowers such as calendula, marigold and poached egg plant ( limnanthes douglasii) to attract beneficial insects to your garden and control pests such as aphids.
You can quickly find companion plants for each type of vegetable you are planting, plan succession plantings for later in the season, and even plot out your drip irrigation lines. Spaces can be divided further to accommodate smaller vegetables. I hope it helps you decide what to plant as well.
Here is one suggested planting layout for the beds (from the outside in, top to bottom). Square foot gardening system is the practice of dividing the growing area into 1 foot square sections for better planning of an intensive vegetable garden. Plant different vegetables, herbs or flowers in each space.
(see companion planning chart below) mels square foot spacing guidelines: Mel bartholomew is a man who has been attributed to creating a different method of growing vegetables and flowers, and that is not in rows, but in squares. Next, plants are then sown or transplanted into each 1×1 square in multiples of 1, 2, 4, 9 or 16 depending on the crop.
Again, all you need to do is enter your zip code to find out these dates. When choosing your plants in this mode, the garden planner will calculate how many you can fit into each square foot, and will indicate this in the top left. This would be an excellent option for those who live in suburban areas with smaller yards.
Square foot gardening needs planning in layout and design, but a square foot garden using raised bed gardening methods will have more vegetables, in less space, with half the effort. Vertical garden/ container vegetable garden idea Square foot gardening layout square foot gardening layout chart
You’ll be following the square foot gardening method, which makes the most use of every available space in your patch. There are a number of systems and ideas using companion planting. Before planting, prepare a plan of the garden on paper.
Also called close row or wide row planting, this method increases yields significantly over a traditional row style garden. If the chart says green, the plants work well together. Large plants will take up one whole square foot space.
It can also indicate what companion crops will be planted together. Because your herbs and vegetables will be planted close together, knowing how different plants interact with each other is even more important. The reason for doing that on a farm is so tractors can drive through the field during the growing season.
Intensive planting means you can fit more plants and more plants = more food (and less weeds)! Once your plan is complete, the software compiles a chart showing how many of each plant you need to buy or raise from seed, the correct spacing and recommended planting dates for your area. Depending on the size of the plant, you can grow anywhere from one to sixteen vegetable plants in a single square foot.
Here’s another handy link, this one from the old farmer’s almanac: Below, we share the general number and spacing rules for the most common vegetables you might like to plant in your square foot garden. This can be done by drawing lines with a rake, or using stings are guides.
Then you follow his plan for how many plants or seeds should be added to each square. To keep it all straight, i created this companion planting chart and planned my square foot garden boxes based the chart. For example you put 16 carrots i think per square.
As you can see, you can have quite a variety of vegetables growing in one bed. See this video for a demonstration of companion planting. True, companion planting corn and pumpkins or corn and beans involves only two sisters, but you are still looking at growing two crops rather than one in the same amount of space.
From there, you’ll need to know how to make the most of your garden bed. This layout gives you a square for each vegetable grown. Consider companion planting when making your square foot gardening layout.
Another system using companion planting is the forest garden, where companion plants are intermingled to create an actual ecosystem. The idea is to plant vegetables in rectangular beds or blocks instead of long single rows, similar to that of the square foot but with whatever measurements you need. At 4×4 feet this vegetable garden is small enough that you can even fit it on your patio.
With so many plants growing in a small space, it leaves less room for weeds and is much easier to water and fertilize. To use the charts in the square foot gardening books, however, you’ll need to know your last frost date for your spring garden and your first frost date for your fall garden. It eliminates the need for surplus walkways, thus maximizing premium gardening space.
The plan should show the location of each crop and the amount to be planted on each date. Switch back out of sfg mode if you want to add rows of plants. First, divide your garden into 1 foot squares.
Also, many flowers make ideal companions for vegetables and fruit. It’s usually recommended that square foot.